GE Haliade-X wind turbine prototype

U.S. approves first large-scale offshore wind project

The US Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland and Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo have announced approval of the construction and operation of the Vineyard Wind project — the first large-scale offshore wind farm in the United States.

GE Haliade-X wind turbine prototype. Source: GE Renewable Energy

The Record of Decision (ROD) grants Vineyard Wind final federal approval to install 84 or fewer turbines off Massachusetts as part of an 800-megawatt offshore wind energy facility.

The project is expected to create 3,600 area jobs and will power up to 400,000 homes. Turbines will be installed in an east-west orientation, and all the turbines will have a minimum spacing of one nautical mile between them in the north-south and east-west directions, consistent with the US Coast Guard recommendations in the Final Massachusetts and Rhode Island Port Access Route Study.

The project will be located approximately 12 nautical miles offshore Martha’s Vineyard and 12 nautical miles offshore Nantucket in the northern portion of Vineyard Wind’s lease area. It will create 3,600 jobs and provide enough power for 400,000 homes and businesses.

The 800 MW Vineyard Wind will contribute to the Biden-Harris administration’s goal of generating 30 GW of energy from offshore wind by 2030.

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A clean energy future is within our grasp in the United States. The approval of this project is an important step toward advancing the Administration’s goals to create good-paying union jobs while combatting climate change and powering our nation,” said Secretary of the Interior Deb Haaland.

“Today is one of many actions we are determined to take to open the doors of economic opportunity to more Americans.”

The ROD adopts mitigation measures to help avoid, minimize, reduce, or eliminate adverse environmental effects that could result from the construction and operation of the proposed project. These mitigation, monitoring, and reporting requirements were developed through input, consultation, and coordination with stakeholders, Tribes, and federal and state agencies.

“Today’s offshore wind project announcement demonstrates that we can fight the climate crisis, while creating high-paying jobs and strengthening our competitiveness at home and abroad,” said Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo.

“This project is an example of the investments we need to achieve the Biden-Harris administration’s ambitious climate goals, and I’m proud to be part of the team leading the charge on offshore wind.”

The ROD is jointly signed by and addresses permitting decisions by BOEM, US Army Corps of Engineers, and the National Marine Fisheries Service within the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Prior to construction, Vineyard Wind must submit a facility design report and a fabrication and installation report. These engineering and technical reports provide specific details for how the facility will be fabricated and installed in accordance with the approved Construction and Operations Plan.

In addition to this announcement, since 20 January, the Department of Interior has initiated the environmental review of two other offshore wind projects, and pursued additional leasing opportunities in the New York Bight.