Fugro and Enviros mapping out wind areas offshore Norway
The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) has awarded contracts to the companies Fugro and Enviros to map the shallowest strata under the seabed with the objective of locating sites that are best suited for the placement of wind turbines.
The companies will acquire seven different measurements, NPD said.
”MBES (multibeam echosounder) delivers key data sets for bathymetry, acoustic backscatter and water column data. We will also collect 2D high-resolution seismic, sub-bottom profiler echo-sounder (SBP), side-scanning sonar (SSS) data, as well as magnetometer data,” Lars Jensen, the geophysicist managing the project for NPD, said.
NPD received the assignment to conduct the subsurface surveys in the two areas, which have been opened for applications for renewable energy production, last year.
Fugro mapped parts of Sørlige Nordsjø II last autumn.
The 2023 fiscal budget includes targeted funding to complete the subsurface surveys in these two areas. According to the plan, this will take place from late April to early September.
Thousands of wells have been drilled on the Norwegian shelf, but the focus has not been aimed at the layers directly below the seabed. It is precisely these upper 100-200 metres that are of interest for the wind power companies, NPD said.
”These are the layers where the wind turbines will be placed, and that’s why we need to know more about the geological and geotechnical properties here. Seabed conditions on the Norwegian shelf are complex and vary between different locations, which is why detailed examinations are needed,” Jensen said.
The geological challenges include shallow gas, large boulder blocks that fell to the seabed when the ice melted, channels, sinkholes, landslides and faults, as well as soft and ‘weak’ deposits that extend down into the depth.
”A good factual basis is crucial for sound management of these resources, and this mapping project is an important step towards developing offshore wind on the Norwegian shelf,” said Arne Jacobsen, Assistant director for Technology, analyses and coexistence.
”The NPD has many years of experience and extensive knowledge when it comes to operating and acquiring seismic data from the oil and gas industry. It’s positive that this experience can be used to help support the energy transition.”
Norway’s Ministry of Petroleum and Energy plans to tender Utsira Nord and the first phase of the Southern North Sea II (Sørlige Nordsjø II) offshore wind areas by the end of the first quarter of 2023.
At Southern North Sea II, Norway will award 1.5 GW of offshore wind capacity in the first phase and a further 1.5 GW at a later date in the second phase. At Utsira Nord, a total of 1.5 GW will be awarded in 2023 across three 500 MW sites.