Zulu 4

Kongsberg Maritime wraps up another autonomous op

Kongsberg Maritime has completed a live trial of autonomous shipping technology in Bornem, Belgium, demonstrating the progress the company has made in fully autonomous systems.

Zulu 4; Image credit Kongsberg Maritime

The test vessel, Zulu 4, an inland waterway barge owned by Blue Line Logistics NV, is equipped for remote-operated and autonomous transport demonstrations for the AUTOSHIP project, which is part of Horizon 2020, an EU research programme.

As part of the test, Zulu 4 manoeuvred and navigated in unrestricted waterways, and it demonstrated berthing and unberthing capability.

To achieve this, the barge was upgraded with onboard control technology, while an onshore remote operation centre (ROC) provided support. A safety crew was onboard the vessel during the test.

The Zulu 4 completed a 16.5-kilometre circuit starting from a port in Niel on the Rupel River. The vessel entered a busy sea canal before traversing locks and passing several bridges as well as a yacht club and marina.

KONGSBERG technologies used in the trial included autodocking, autocrossing, and automatic navigation systems.

The company has also developed cloud-based communications systems and advanced simulations to test and ensure that the vessel operated safely and optimally.

Pål André Eriksen, Senior Vice President, Remote & Autonomous Solutions, Kongsberg Maritime, said he was happy with Zulu 4’s performance on what is a challenging route through the busy Belgian waterways.

The course that the ZULU 4 completed provided an opportunity to test our technology in a real-life situation, where numerous manoeuvres were performed successfully and safely.

“The test run provides all partners within AUTOSHIP with essential experience and data, which can help us advance the adoption of remote-controlled and autonomous technology in the maritime sector.”

“Together with last week’s successful demonstration of a coastal cargo ship in Norway, we have proved that these technologies are applicable across different vessel types and suited to a variety of operations.”

“The fitting out of Zulu 4 with digital technology from Kongsberg Maritime and its testing is a major step forward to achieving autonomous operation of inland waterway barges,” Antoon Van Coillie, CEO, ZULU Associates, which develops emission-free inland vessels, added.

“This will allow the industry to respond to the triple challenges of zero-emission transport, real modal shift and the looming workers shortage crisis. Kongsberg Maritime is a very strong partner and their extensive maritime know-how benefits tremendously the development of digitalisation on inland waterways.”

Under remote monitoring from the ROC, the team and vessel had to show situational awareness, engine and machinery monitoring, berthing/unberthing and manoeuvring in port. The same tasks were demonstrated under autonomous control, as well as collision avoidance, grounding avoidance, transit sailing and automatic mooring.

Kongsberg said that Zulu 4 also demonstrated the ability to switch between autonomous operation and remote-controlled operation.

This live trial of the technology follows from another demonstration of autonomous ship technology on May 25 in Alesund, Norway, in which a cargo vessel, Eidsvaag Pioneer, completed a range of tasks autonomously.

The operation was described as one of the company’s most complex journeys at sea.

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Both vessels are equipped with remote and fully autonomous operation technology as part of the AUTOSHIP project, part of the EU research programme Horizon 2020.

AUTOSHIP is a collaboration between KONGSBERG and Norway’s research organisation, SINTEF, as well as several European partners.

The aim of the AUTOSHIP project is to test and develop fully autonomous navigation systems, intelligent machinery systems, self-diagnostics, prognostics and operation scheduling, as well as communication technology enabling a prominent level of cyber security and integrating the vessels into upgraded e-infrastructure.

Kongsberg said that the Trecent test verifies the maturity of key enabling technologies and helps build the real-world data required to assure the safety and security of autonomous operations on European waterways to regulators and customers.

An autonomous barge in operation is expected to take around 7,500 trucks off the roads each year and will result in reductions in both traffic congestion and emissions.